The Dunstable and District Walking and Hostelling Group

Programme Oct to Dec 2019


 

The printed programme should be correct at 01/10/2019 but may be subject to change; for potential revisions check the website or contact the event leader.

Wednesday 2nd October 2019Committee MeetingMeeting Carolyn Cooper 07495 950551, or Gill
Carolyn secretary: c.cooper47@icloud.com. Venue: The Globe pub, Winfield Street, LU6 ILS. Meeting open to members to attend to observe.

7.30pm
9.15pm

Thursday 3rd October 2019Stoke Hammond to Leighton BuzzardDavid 07477004170
10.00 F77 bus to Stoke Hammond (Dolphin). Walk via Drayton Parslow and Stewkley to Leighton Buzzard for F70/77 bus to Dunstable.

09.50 High St North bus stop
About 12 ml

Thursday 3rd October 2019Slide ShowSocialDon 01582 601852
Join Don as he looks back on the bygone Bogtrotters

8 p.m. at 2 Chiltern Rd. Dunstable

Saturday 5th October 2019AshridgeDavid 07477004170
Circular walk from Ashridge visitor centre calling at The Crown, Berkhamsted (Wetherspoons).

09.30 French's Ave
About 12 ml

Sunday 6th October 2019A visit to Stonehenge.Part-Half-Day WalkDon Snoad 01582 601852
This is a slow ramble starting at the little village of Eggington and walking via Clipstone to the narrow gauge railway at Stonehenge Works.  Then onto Old Hockcliffe and back to Eggington.  Bring your own refreshments.!

Meet at French's Avenue at 9.30 am
Return 2.30pm approx Distance 5 miles.

Wednesday 9th October 2019Redbourne to St AlbansMike’s Midweek WalkMike 07594 577129
Starting  off at The Coffee on the Green Redbourne  , part of the Nicky Line then we follow the Ver river pass Redbournebury Mill to St Albans Verulam Park . Classed a easy walk along country paths may be muddy in places . Refreshments at the start & finish .

9.00 am at West St Bus stop to pick up the 9.05 am No 34 to St Albans .
Return 2-3pm . Max 5miles.

Wednesday 9th October 2019Boggies AGM at VictoriaMeeting-SocialCarolyn 07495 950551
The Annual General Meeting of the group. Please come along to meet up with your fellow members at this excellent CAMRA recommended pub for a drink and a chat and show your support. It's your chance to make your views known and elect (or volunteer to become) new committee members.
Venue: function room at rear of The Victoria, 69 West St, Dunstable LU6 1ST (near the police station). Please notify Carolyn of proposals, agenda items and committee nominations, before 1 October.  Carolyn Cooper 07495 950551, secretary@dunstablebogtrotters.co.uk    Start at 8pm

AGENDA
1. Welcome.
2 Apologies:
3. Minutes of last meeting
4. Matters arising
5. Chairman’s report
6. Treasurer’s report
7. Membership report
8. Outdoor report
9. Social Report
12. Appointment of Officers

Thursday 10th October 2019Bulbourne to DunstableDavid 07477004170
09.17 61A bus to Bulbourne. Walk via GU Canal, Pitstone Hill and Ivinghoe to Dunstable.

09.10 West Street bus stop (Lombardo's)
About 12 ml

Saturday 12th October 2019Silsoe CircularDay WalkPeter Astier 07547893704
This is a circular walk going via Pulloxhill, Flitwick moor and Flitton before returning to Silsoe.  We will park near the church in Silsoe at the crossroads.

Meet at French's Ave at 9.30 am
Distance 12 miles

Sunday 13th October 2019Ashridge Early morning walkIntermediate WalkWendy Hopkins 01582 602235 / 07712 336318
We walk to the Brownlow Café in Ashridge, enjoy breakfast/lunch there and are given a lift back to Dunstable. Please bring some food and drink for the walk (it will be about 4.5 hours before we reach the Café).
Wendy already has three offers of cars to bring us back but if anyone else would like to join us for lunch and return to Dunstable with a few weary Bogtrotters, their help would be greatly appreciated.

Meet at Wilko car park. Start 7am (sunrise 7.21am)
Return about 1.30 pm Distance approx. 9.5 miles

Thursday 17th October 2019Slide Show SocialDon 01582 601852
Join Don as he looks back on the bygone Bogtrotters

8 p.m. at 2 Chiltern Rd. Dunstable

Saturday 19th October 2019First Aid Training DayTraining Event Gill 07903 801203
12 members will be doing a first-aid training day event. Details will be sent to participants via email.

8.45am
6pm

Saturday 19th October 2019Half-day walk.
Most walk leaders are attending a First Aid course today.  If anyone would like to volunteer to lead a walk please contact Alan or Sue.


Sunday 20th October 2019Rickmansworth Aquadrome David 07477004170
In an area new to the leader, the circular walk starts from the car park/cafe at Rickmansworth Aquadrome Local Nature Reserve and takes in Ruislip Lido, a few country parks and a stretch of the River Colne and Grand Union Canal.

09.30 Wilko car park
About 12 ml

Wednesday 23rd October 2019Aston Clinton/Wendover WoodsMedium/hard walkChris Morley 07836 310262 John Hannington 07840 819739
Plenty of ups and downs on this walk with some stiles.
Commence Buckland Wharf on the Wendover Arm of the Grand Union Canal, continuing into Wendover then into Wendover Woods.
Refreshments etc available at the new cafe
Return to the starting point via the golf course etc.

61A bus from Dunstable 9.17 a.m.
61A bus from Buckland Wharf 2.25 p.m.

Yum Yum Bus Stop West Street at 9.05 a.m.
Return Dunstable 3.30 p.m. 8/8.5 miles

Thursday 24th October 2019Wetherspoon Wander
Bring your ideas about where to walk today and discuss them over tea/coffee. May involve a bus or two.

09.00 Gary Cooper
About 12 ml
Saturday 26th October 2019Woburn Circular WalkDay WalkJulia Fullwood 07958082009
The walk starts in Woburn free car park and the walk will  include Potsgrove, Milton Bryan and Eversholt before returning to Woburn.

Meet at French's Avenue at 9.30 am
Return 5pm approx Distance 10 miles

Sunday 27th October 2019Ampthill Circular Half-day walkCliff Shaw - 07766 958133
A circular walk from Ampthill along the greensand ridge through Ampthill Park, woodlands of Millbrook common. To village of Millbrook and return.

 
                      note...clock changed last night

Meet at the Yum Yum / Wilko car park. 9.30 am
Return 2.30 pm approx Distance 8 miles.

Thursday 31st October 2019RedbournDavid 07477004170
09.05 34 bus to Redbourn. Walk to Dunstable via Flamstead.

08.55 West Street bus stop (Lombardo's)
About 12 ml

Thursday 31st October 2019Slide Show SocialDon 01582 601852
Join Don as he looks back on the bygone Bogtrotters

8 p.m. at 2 Chiltern Rd. Dunstable

Saturday 2nd November 2019Autumn in AshridgeHalf-Day WalkGill 07903 801203
A 6-mile trail that takes in the best views of autumn trees in Ashridge, covering some of the less well-trodden paths. Includes Lady's Walk, Berkhamsted Common and the Golden Valley. Moderate level. Start and finish at Ashridge visitor's centre. Brownlow cafe/packed lunch stop at the end of the walk. Leavers and remainers both welcome but no squabbling...we may have just left the EU!

9.30am Priory School or start point of the walk at 9.50am
1.30pm/6miles

Saturday 2nd November 2019BARN DANCESocial Sheila on 07970328670 or Carolyn 07495950551
Popular Barn dance Saturday  on 2nd Nov Harlington Village Hall 7.30pm £15 including fish & chip or chicken or vegetarian supper. Bring your own drinks. Contact Sheila by the 25th of oct on 07970328670 or Carolyn 07495950551

7.15

Sunday 3rd November 2019WoburnDavid 07477004170
A circular walk from the car park in Woburn taking in Eversholt, Ridgmont, Husborne Crawley and paths through the Deer Park and Safari Park.

09.30 French's Ave
About 12 ml

Thursday 7th November 2019Harpenden to DunstableDavid 07477004170
09.15 busway bus to Luton station then 09.40 321 to Harpenden (The George). Walk via Rothamsted Park, Markyate, Kensworth Lynch to Dunstable.

09.05 Church St bus stop (Winston Churchill)
About 12 ml.

Saturday 9th November 2019Wendover circular Intermediate WalkLes 07866858992

  1. Starting at Wendover, we will be  going up Coombe hill, passing  Chequers and returning to Wendover via Ellesborough.


Meet at Priory school 9.30 am
Return 15.30. Distance 9 miles,

Sunday 10th November 2019Tring circularIntermediate WalkPeter A 07547893704
Walk using paths in and around Tring.   The walk will involve Wigginton, Cow Roast, the viaduct and by Chestnut Wood  what path leads back to Tring.

Meet at 9.30 /Wilko car park
Return by about 3 pm Distance 8 miles

Wednesday 13th November 2019Markyate circularMike’s Midweek walk Mike 07594 577129
Starting & finishing in Markyate a Circular walk on a variety of paths taking in Aley Green,Caddington,Woodside & Pepperstock with a detour to Harpers for refreshments before heading back to Markyate to pick the bus back to Dunstable . Classed Easy to Medium walk with a couple of hills, note paths can be muddy. Return time depends on time spent in Harpers.

Meet 9.00am West St Bus stop to pick up the 9.05am No 34 to St Albans
Return 2/3 pm Distance 5 miles

Thursday 14th November 2019PitstoneDavid 07477004170
09.17 61A bus to Pitstone. Walk via GU Canal, Horton, Mentmore, Ledburn, Wing to Leighton Buzzard. F70/77 bus back to Dunstable.

09.10 West Street bus stop (Lombardo's)
About 12 ml
Saturday 16th November 2019Views of the Ver valleyHalf-day walkSteve/Eila Goss 07964291892
A nice reasonably easy scenic walk from Redbourn which has a pub and cafe for refreshments at the end of the walk.

Priory school 9.30
approx 7 miles

Sunday 17th November 2019WendoverDavid 07477004170
A circular walk from Wendover car park, by the library, passing close to Chequers and taking in Coombe Hill and Whiteleaf Hill along the way.

09.30 Wilko car park
About 11 ml

Thursday 21st November 2019Wetherspoon WanderDavid 07477004170
Have tea/coffee and a chat before crossing the road to the Asda bus stop for the 09.56 E bus to Toddington. Walk from the green via Stanbridge back to Dunstable.

09.15 Gary Cooper.
About 12 ml

Thursday 21st November 2019Slide Show SocialDon 01582 601852
Join Don as he looks back on the bygone Bogtrotters

8 p.m. at 2 Chiltern Rd. Dunstable

Saturday 23rd November 2019Marston Vale circularIntermediate walk Les 07866858992

 Starting at Marston vale, we will be going through Stewartby passing Houghton house and returning to Marston vale via  Ampthill


Meet at Priory school 9.30 am
Return at 15.30 Distance 9 miles.

Sunday 24th November 2019Hudnell circularHalf-day walkSue Jenkins. 07443016095
A circular walk from Hudnell,  going through Nettleden and Ashridge .

Meet at 9.30 am at the Yum Yum
Return about 13.30 approx Distance 7 miles approx

Wednesday 27th November 2019Bletchley/Milton KeynesEasy walkChris Morley 07836 310262 John Hannington 07840 819739
Flat walk via the Grand Union Canal and the River Ouzel areas finishing at Caldecote Lake.
Refreshments available at various points during the walk

F70 bus to Bletchley at 9.30 a.m.
Return F70/F77

High Street North (Santander) 9.20 a.m.
Return Dunstable 3/4 p.m. 8.5/9 miles

Thursday 28th November 2019Leighton BuzzardDavid 07477004170
09.30 F70 bus to Leighton Buzzard Station. Circular walk taking in Soulbury, Stoke hammond and Rushmere Estate then F70/77 back to Dunstable

09.20 High Street North bus stop (Santander)
About 12 ml

Saturday 30th November 2019Woolwich to Greenwich- London Thames Path Part 1Day walkOlwen 07415334251

We will start the walk from King George V Dockland Light Railway Station and make our way on to the Woolwich Ferry. We will then follow the Thames path to Greenwich Pier. Although today’s walk ends here, if there is interest, through a series of 6 more walks spread through out the year , there will be an opportunity to follow the Thames Path all the way from Woolwich to Hampton Court.
To get to the starting point catch the train that arrives at Blackfriars at 9:43.  The train leaves Leagrave station at 8.55am, Luton Station at 8.59am and Luton Parkway Station at 9.02am.  We will then catch the DLR and disembark at King George V station.  With regards to the route back there will be a variety of choices and people are likely to want to leave Greenwich at different times and routes.  Distance 7 miles approx




Sunday 1st December 2019StudhamDavid 07477004170
A circular walk from Studham taking in Gaddesden Row, Briden's Camp, Great Gaddesden.

09.30 Wilko car park
About 12 ml

Thursday 5th December 2019FlamsteadDavid 07477004170
09.05 34 bus to Flamstead. Walk to Dunstable via Gaddesden Row, Studham.

08.55 West Street bus stop (Lombardo's)
About 12 ml
Thursday 5th December 2019Slide Show SocialDon 01582 601852
Join Don as he looks back on the bygone Bogtrotters

8 p.m. at 2 Chiltern Rd. Dunstable

Saturday 7th December 2019Cliff's 'Mince Pie Ramble'Half-Day Walk & SocialCliff - 07766 958133
Cliff is hosting this ramble across the Downs/Whipsnade with a festive lunch buffet at his house afterwards. Meet at Priory School 10.00am to organise lifts (please offer a lift if you can), then walk will start from Cliff's house (46 Tring Road) at around 10.20am. A festive social afterwards with a buffet/drinks (including mulled wine and pies) and log fire. Leave in your own time. It would be helpful if you could inform Cliff by Thurs 5th Dec if you are attending the social (to help with estimating the catering needs).

10.00am at Priory School or 10.15am at Cliff's house.
5 miles/12.30pm

Sunday 8th December 2019Hitchin CircularFull-day walkPeter A 07547893704
If you wish to meet Peter at the start of this walk please phone him for details.

Meet at 9.30 French's Ave.
Return 4 pm Distance 12 mls

Wednesday 11th December 2019Wednesdays Walkers Non Traditional Christmas LunchMike’s Midweek WalkMike 07594 577129
Starting at Coffee on the Green Redbourne. We walk the Nicky Line Back to Harpenden for our Non Tradional Christmas Lunch at Godfrey's. Booking is essential with myself by the 1st December.

Note the return journey will be a bus to the Interchange for a connection to Dunstable.

Meet 10am West St Bus stop to catch the 10.05 toSt Albans
Return late afternoon . Distance Max 5/6 miles.

Thursday 12th December 2019Wetherspoon WanderDavid 07477004170
Chat over tea/coffee. Then, it's a  wander out to Pepperstock (Harper's) and back.

09.00 Gary Cooper
About 12 ml

Friday 13th December 2019Christmas Meal & Party NightSocialSheila 07970 328670 sheila.sb80@gmail.com
We are back at the popular carvery restaurant - The Market Cross, Dunstable. There will be a live band this year playing popular hits from the 60's to more present day. Please select your options for 2 or 3 courses and give/send them to Sheila. Cost is £12.00 for 2 courses, or £14.00 for 3 courses. FULL payment must be made in advance before the deadline (as this what the restaurant requires). NO OPTION TO PAY ON THE NIGHT. Cash preferred to Sheila. If you need to make make a bank/cheque payment through Julian, this option is available. Cheques must be made out to: Dunstable Walking & Hostelling Group. Payment deadline: Sun November 24th. Food orders CAN'T be changed on the night so please ensure you're happy with what you've ordered. Here is the menu... - https://www.marketcrosspubdunstable.co.uk/menus/dasher-carvery-2019-festive-fayre-display/ . We look forward to seeing you there!

7.15pm
12pm or in your own time

Saturday 14th December 2019Aldbury AmbleHalf-day walkOlwen 07415334251

Starting at Tom’s Hill Car park, we will walk by Northchurch Common and down the hill towards Cow Roast. Then along Grand Union Canal to Tring Station and up to Aldbury before returning up hill back to our starting point.


Meet Priory at 10.00 am
Distance miles 6/7 approx Return 2.30/3.00pm approx

Sunday 15th December 2019RedbournDavid 07477004170
A circular walk from Redbourn taking in Childwick Green, St Albans, Ver Valley Way.

09.30 Wilko car park
About 12 ml

Thursday 19th December 2019Christmas Wetherspoon WanderDavid 07477004170
Meet for tea/coffee in the Gary Cooper before crossing the road to catch the 09.56 E bus to Toddington. Walk via Harlington to Sylvia's to partake of the lunchtime refreshments she has generously offered and to check out this year's decorations. The walk continues past Barton Hills and Galley Hill to Turnpike Drive bus stop, Luton. Then it's buses back to Dunstable.

09.15 in the Gary Cooper
About 11 ml

Thursday 19th December 2019Slide ShowSocialDon 01582 601852
Join Don as he looks back on the bygone Bogtrotters

8 p.m. at 2 Chiltern Rd. Dunstable
Saturday 21st December 2019Christmas walk from Leighton Buzzard to DunstableDavid 07477004170
Catch 09.44 F70 bus to Leighton Buzzard (Tesco bus stop) from High St North/French's Ave junction. Or if you prefer to catch the bus in town it's 09.30 near Santander. Walk back to Dunstable stopping at two or three hostelries along the way. Feel free to put on your best festive gear and bring mince pies, etc.

09.25 French's Ave bus stop, High St North
About 11 ml

Sunday 22nd December 2019Blows Downs scenic walk finishing at The Swan pub.Half-day walkEila/Steve Goss 07964291892
The last walk before Christmas on Eila's birthday.  Depending on conditions this will be no more than a 7 mile walk but there will be some ups and downs.  We will finish at The Swan pub on High Street South for drinks, or just turn up at about 1.30pm for festive drinks.

9.30 Wilkos carpark
5-7 miles

Friday 27th December 2019Visit to WorcesterTripAlan 07957438153 alan.plumley@ntlworld.com
Join us for a relaxing holiday after the excitement of Christmas. This year we will be staying in historic Worcester for four nights between Fri 27th to Tue 31st Dec. Please arrange your own accommodation. Seven members will be staying at Wetherspoons (The Crown Hotel). Others are at the Premier Inn.
Please notify me if you are coming and give me the details. There is good walking for us locally and up on the Malvern Hills. There are several interesting places to visit, also many pubs and restaurants. It's likely the parking is limited in Worcester so some of us are traveling by train. A saver ticket with a railcard is £42 return.

Luton Interchange 10 am
Worcester Forest St. 14.24

Saturday 28th December 2019Half-day walk
No walk is currently  planned.  Please check the website.


Thursday 2nd January 2020Wetherspoon Wander
Bring your ideas about where to walk today and discuss them over tea/coffee. May involve a bus or two.

09.00 Gary Cooper
About 12 ml

Saturday 4th January 2020New Year walkSue Jenkins 07443016095
Sue will lead a New Year Walk.  Details in next programme


Saturday 11th January 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Sunday 12th January 2020Short or intermediate Walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 18th January 2020Short or intermediate Walk
Walk leader required


Sunday 19th January 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 25th January 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Sunday 26th January 2020Short or intermediate walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 1st February 2020Short or intermediate WalkSue Jenkins 07443016095
Sue's walk.  Details to follow


Sunday 2nd February 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 8th February 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Sunday 9th February 2020Short or intermediate walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 15th February 2020Short or intermediate walk
Walk leader required


Sunday 16th February 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 22nd February 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Sunday 23rd February 2020Short or intermediate Walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 29th February 2020Short or intermediate WalkSue Jenkins 07443016095
Sue's walk.  Details to follow.


Sunday 1st March 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 7th March 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Sunday 8th March 2020Short or intermediate Walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 14th March 2020Short or intermediate Walk
Walk leader required


Sunday 15th March 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 21st March 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Sunday 22nd March 2020Short or intermediate Walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 28th March 2020Short or intermediate Walk
Walk leader required


Sunday 29th March 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Saturday 4th April 2020Day Walk
Walk leader required


Sunday 5th April 2020Short or intermediate Walk
Walk leader required


Tuesday 7th April 2020Trip to ItalyWeek awayIf interested contact Julian 07979 435856 (julian.clarklowes@gmail.com) or Ilaria 07807 554343 (ilar

 Ilaria is planning a 7/8 days Boggies trip to Italy next Spring.  Suggested dates 7th to 15th April 2020. This would be based in Tarquinia, in the province of Viterbo, Lazio on the coast just north of Rome.   You should have had an email in October about this


.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarquinia#/media/File:Tar0318.jpg. There is lots to do in and around the region .
Flying probably from Luton to Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport and hiring cars from there for the trip to Tarquinia, and we will have them available during our stay.We would be planning to hire a couple of AirBnB's in Tarquinia. Not many houses in the town have en-suite bedrooms.  Couples can probably be accommodated in private rooms. Single occupancy negotiable. Cost for flights and accommodation and car hire for the 8 days should not exceed £350.  Food and Drink not included.
To get cheap flights and arrange accommodation we will need to book by 10th November 2020. 


Tuesday 23rd June 2020TRIP TO POLANDholiday with ABTA bonded companyEila_goss@hotmail.com 07964291892
We have organised a week's walking trip to Krakow and the Tatra mountains with a company called Preferred Travel Services on 23rd June 2020 flying from Luton.   Cost each for a double room is £769 (there are very few single rooms and the supplement is £140). B&B including all transport. See their website for details. https://www.preferredts.com/holiday/poland-krakow-the-high-tatras/   If you are interested you may contact Eila for more information. However, you will have to self book and provide a deposit to the company. 

Guidance for those attending Dunstable Bogtrotters events.

  • You walk with the Bogtrotters at your own risk.
  • You must ensure that you have suitable equipment, footwear and clothing, and enough food and drink for the activity being undertaken. You should carry your own first aid kit.
  • Do not leave the walk without telling the leader. Keep in front of the back marker when there is one and make sure that the walk leader or back marker knows if you temporarily leave the walk for a comfort break or other reason.
  • common sociology assignment types
  • Children are welcome if accompanied by an adult member of their family, who will remain responsible for them at all times.
  • We do not allow dogs on our walks except for assistance dogs.
  • Before a walk starts participants are entitled to obtain a clear and, as far as  possible, accurate description of the walk. Be aware however that not every route is walked in advance and even when a path is familiar things may have changed since we were last there. Different walk leaders have developed different styles of walk introduction. Some give a formal health and safety talk, others a more general descriptive talk and others dislike the enforced formality and give only a fairly perfunctory introduction! If you are in any doubt about the walk you are going to undertake, or your own ability to complete it, you should raise your concerns with the walk leader first.
  • On local walks or weekend trips participants may choose to share cars or take their own. Before leaving the meeting place make it clear to the walk leader if you are prepared to take passengers, if you are willing to use your car to transfer drivers when this is necessary and if you will need to leave the walk early.
  • Drivers are not able to charge a fare for helping with transport, however a voluntary donation is usually made by their passengers.
  • Some walks are planned to be accessible by public transport. However bus times and services are subject to change so walk details will sometimes vary from those set out in the programme. It is advisable to contact the walk leader to obtain up-to-date information if public transport is involved.
  • Photographs of our activities, sometimes with the names of those participating, often appear on our website. If you do not wish to be photographed and possibly appear on the web, tell the event leader and they will include this notification in their introduction.
  • When walking as a member of the public on public footpaths in England and more generally in Britain there are well established and understood laws which govern the relationship, rights and obligations of the land owner to the walker and vice versa. When walking with a Bogtrotter walk leader you remain a member of the public, as does he/she. Nothing in the relationship between you as a walker and your walk leader adds to or alters this. By walking with us you do not improve upon your existing rights that are already well established in law.
  • Guests are welcome to join us for 2 or 3 walks after which they will be expected to enrol as members. Individual membership fee is currently £10 per year (01 September to 31 August.)

Location Plan....

Where we meet...
The Yum Yum & Wilkos Car Park,
Priory School, Chews House,
French's Avenue and the Fire Station.
Wilkos Car Park is immediately
behind the Yum Yum car park which
is often now full on Sunday mornings.